a propósito de Passos Coelho dizer que medida mais “sensata” contra desemprego seria baixar salário mínimo…
Dados comparativos para o salário mínimo nos países da Europa (União Europeia e fora da União Europeia) e Estados Unidos.
(This article illustrates how minimum wage levels – established by national legislation or directly by national intersectoral agreement – vary considerably among European Union (EU) Member States and within the euro area; it also provides a comparison with the situation in Croatia, Turkey and the United States.)
Minimum wage statistics published by Eurostat refer to monthly national minimum wages; data are published as on 1st of January and 1st of July each year. For countries where the national minimum wage is not set monthly (e.g. hourly or weekly) the rates are converted into monthly rates according to conversion factors directly supplied by the countries:
- Ireland: (hourly rate x 39 hours x 52 weeks) / 12 months;
- France: data January 1999 to January 2005: (hourly rate x 39 hours x 52 weeks) / 12 months; data from July 2005: (hourly rate x 35 hours x 52 weeks) / 12 months;
- Malta: (weekly rate x 52 weeks) / 12 months;
- United Kingdom: (Hourly rate x Mean Basic Paid Hours per week for full-time employees in all sectors x 52.18 weeks) / 12 months;
- United States: (hourly rate x 40 hours x 52 weeks) / 12 months.
In addition, when the minimum wage is paid for more than 12 months per year (as in Greece, Spain and Portugal, where it is paid for 14 months a year), data have been adjusted to take these payments into account.
The figure shows the minimum monthly wage levels expressed in euro in the Member States, Croatia, Turkey and the United States in January 2013. Among the Member States, the gross minimum wage ranged from EUR 157 (Romania) to EUR 1 874 (Luxembourg).
The 20 Member States concerned together with Croatia, Turkey and the United States can be divided into three groups based on the level of minimum wage on 1 January 2013.
The first group includes the eleven countries with the lowest minimum wages, between EUR 100 and EUR 500 a month: Romania, Bulgaria, Latvia, Lithuania, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Slovakia, Hungary, Croatia, Poland and Turkey.
The second group comprises five Member States (Portugal, Greece, Malta, Spain and Slovenia) and the United States with an intermediate level of minimum wages, from over EUR 500 to just below EUR 1 000 a month.
The third group comprises six Member States (the United Kingdom, France, Ireland, the Netherlands, Belgium and Luxembourg) in which the minimum wage was above EUR 1 200 per month.